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The Project of new Standards

Copyright Svetlana Kuehnel©, Rh Dr Sergey Skuratov©, 2004-2007

The standard of breeds today stands a question about the standards very sharply. Those descriptive standards, which are accepted FCI, without what or numbers and measurements, besides weight, they give the right to judges and factory owners to treat standard, as by them it will decide. Certainly, during the bringing what- that not was picture or photograph to the standard, all will compare precisely with this concrete dog, having its merits and deficiencies, but they will be at least present to itself about which it goes speech. At the given moment, the majority of experts visualize Chihuahua as something average between the Japanese Chin, Papillion, by Spitz and by Pug. This resembles children's song "my puppy it is similar a little to the Bulldog and to the Great Dane, to the Newfoundlander and on all sheep dogs at once...».
We already proved, that in Chihuahueno and British un-muzzled toy-dog exist general ancestors, but these are two different breeds according to its designation, that the standards of these breeds should be different. Below we give the standards of these two breeds, on the basis of their HISTORICAL destination. Any standard must be directed toward the retention of primary(aboriginal) signs, and factory owners are obligated to preserve breeds and rock signs, and not to add the blood of other breeds, therefore, that such puppies better are sold. Give then let us divide generally all breeds by two: those, which are sold well, and those, which badly are sold.

 

Form, sign, the type of the constitution

British unmuzzled Toy-dog

El chihuahueño

1

the type of the constitution

Damp, friable

Dry- strong, strong- dry

the dry- strong or strong- dry type of constitution in Chihuahueno is determined by the straight designation of this dog - catching of rodents and small animals, with this type of constitution the dog is mobile and has high reaction rate

2

head

Round from all sides

From the front round, it is almost parallel from the side the line of cranial part and snout

The parallelism of the lines of forehead and snout is determined by the best streamlining with the run.

 

Presence of the fontanella

there is

there is, but its absence is desirable

At BUMTD is impossible the absence of fontanella of up to 3 years, because, are added the blood of Japanese Chin, in which the fontanella is overgrown as the minimum to 1 year, there are the cases, when the spring of overgrown up 6 years old, but this cannot be occasion for the prohibition for the tribal use of dogs.

 

Length of muzzle

Short (shorter than the height of forehead or it is equal to the height of forehead)

Long (it is equal to the length of forehead or the aim is this)

Long muzzle is necessary to dog for the regulation of respiration with the rapid run. In the long muzzle air manages to be heated and does not irritate lungs, also it makes it possible to analyze a larger quantity of smells, improving by this the hunting specific character of the dog of this breed. Short muzzle leads to the disturbance of the thermostatic control of the body of dog, it decreases scent and reduces its fitness for work.

3

bite

scissors, level

Scissors, only

The presence of scissors bite helps dog to take and to pullout the greatest quantity of skin and fur of enemy or victim.

4

Quantity of the teeth (incisors)

6+6

Not less 4+4, the priority 4+6, 5+6, 6+6

To require of the ancient species of full set teeth formulas with the condition of genetically fixed oligodontia is to require impossible. With the flow of the blood of full systems breeds, as in British un-muzzled, possible to require even all 42 teeth, but this is physically impossible with the short muzzle.

the eye

Convex, widely planted

Almond-shaped, small, tightly shut by the century

The almond-shaped tightly shut by centuries eyes are required for the run on the high dry rigid grass. In the case, if eyes will be convex, that they will be frequently traumatized which will lower the fitness for working quality of dog.

5

the neck

It is approximately equal to the length of head, the normal or low mill

Long, with the clearly expressed withers, the high mill

Long mobile sinewy neck is required for the convenient seizure of victim or enemy. In the case, if neck is short, with the parallel motion the dog has a risk of the defeat of chest by enemy.

6

the withers

Flat in withers

High in withers

Withers - junction of blades and spine. With the frequent and rapid run the dog is obligated to have well developed withers, because it constantly uses feet and spine.

7

the back

Straight line, sinewy

Straight line, sinewy

8

the croup

the straight line

sunken

For the optimum work of rear extremities is required the sunken croup (rake angle to straight back 45˚) with the condition, that height in the sacrum on 1-2 cm lower than height in the withers, and the length of shin is equal to the length of thigh. Specifically, with this relationship appears the optimum rate of the motion of borzoi-like and hound-like dogs.

9

the tail

By sickle, never it descends between the feet (it is the sign of cowardice and the disqualifying defect)

By sickle, never it descends between the feet (it is the sign of cowardice and the disqualifying defect)

10

forequarters

Straight lines, parallel

Straight lines, parallel

 

Angle of the arm- blade articulation

90-100º, the length of arm is shorter than the blade

100-110º, the length of arm is equal to the length of the blade

Specifically, with the long arm and the long blade the high mill of neck is possible, which is necessary for the detection of output from the high grass. The equal length of arm and blade gives the optimum angle of the articulation of arm- blade articulation, that it does not make possible for dog rapidly to get tired with the prolonged run.

 

Length of the forefoot

The length of the forefoot is equal to 0,5 heights in the withers

The length of the forefoot is equal or more to 0,5 heights in the withers

11

The hindquarters

Strong, sinewy, height in the sacrum on 1-2 cm lower than height in the withers, and the length of shin is shorter than the length of thigh, it is from behind parallel with the inspection

Strong, sinewy, height in the sacrum on 1-2 cm lower than height in the withers, and the length of shin is equal to the length of thigh, it is from behind parallel with the inspection

12

The coat

There exists in 2 versions: short-coated and long-coated

There exists in 2 versions: short-coated and harsh-coated

 

short-coated

Coat is short, with or without the under coat, glossy, taut coat

Coat is short, dense, the structure of fur is nearer to the harsh coat

 

long-coated

Coat is long, with the thick under coat, with the long decorating hair after the ears, on the breast, on the back of the rear extremities, on the tail.

Fur is not longer than 5 cm, predominantly without the under coat, harsh, with the moderately long decorating hair on muzzle, forehead, after the ears, on the breast, on the back of hindquarters, on the tail.

Under the conditions of Central America the presence of undercoat in dog is excess. Because in Xolo are born downy puppies, that in Chihuahueno, as the descendant of ancient species, advantage uses long-haired (original) variant. Harsh coat is required for the inhabiting in the dry high rigid grass, at a temperature of air higher than 26˚C.  The presence of thick undercoat in Chihuahueno testifies about the flow of the blood of Spitz-like, thin long hair - about the flow of the blood of Japanese Chin, and long combings after the ears - about the flow of the blood of Papillion or Falen. Short needle-shaped fur is characteristic, in the majority of the cases, for Pug.
 
colour
every colour is accepted
6 main colours: red, black, brown, yellow (fawn), white, white marks, speckled on the skin, black mask by fawn colour

The limitation of colour by Chihuahueno is grounded on the absence by the wild ancestor the other colours.

13

the weight

1,5-3,0 kg

0,5-3,0 kg

On the exhibition it is necessary to require the presence of weights, because there are very many representatives of species, exceeding standard weight. Dogs, exceeding the given weight, it is necessary to exclude from the breeding, about which to report to the federation of the country.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 

 
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