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FCI-Standard N° 218 / 23.06.2004 / GB
ORIGIN : Mexico.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 24.03.2004.
UTILIZATION : Companion dog.
F.C.I. : Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : The Chihuahua is regarded as the smallest pedigree dog in the world and carries the name of the largest state of the Mexican Republic (Chihuahua). One assumes that these dogs used to live in the wild and, at the time of the Toltec civilization, were captured and domesticated by the natives. Representations of a Toy dog called « Techichi » which lived in Tula, were used as decorations on town architecture. These statues are very similar to the present day Chihuahua.
GENERAL APPEARANCE : This dog has a compact body. Of great importance is the fact that his skull is apple-shaped and that he carries his moderately long tail very high, either curved or forming the shape of a semicircle with the tip pointing towards the loin region.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS : Length of body slightly greater than height at withers. Desired, however, is an almost square body, especially in males. In bitches, because of the function of reproduction, a slightly longer body is permitted.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT
: Quick, alert, lively and very courageous.
NECK : Upper profile
BODY : Compact
and well built.
TAIL : Set on high, flat in appearance, of moderate length; broad at root, tapering gradually towards the tip. Tail carriage is an important characteristic of the breed : when the dog is moving it is carried either high in a curve or in a semicircle with tip towards the loin region, which gives balance to the body, it should never be carried between the hindlegs nor curled below the backline. The hair on the tail depends on the variety and is in harmony with the body coat. In the long haired variety, the tail coat forms a plume. Tail is pendant in repose and forms a slight hook.
Forelegs straight and of good length; seen from the front, they form
a straight line with the elbows. Seen from the side, they are upright.
Hindlegs well muscled with long bones, vertical and parallel to each
other with good angulation at hip, knee and hock joints, in harmony
with angulation of forequarters.
FEET : Very small and oval with toes well apart but not splayed (neither hare- nor cat-foot). Nails particularly well arched and moderately long. Pads well developed and very elastic. Dewclaws must be removed except in countries where this practice is forbidden by law.
SKIN : Smooth and elastic all over body.
HAIR : In this
breed there are two varieties of coat.
COLOUR : All colours in all possible shades and combinations are admitted.
WEIGHT : In this
breed only the weight is taken into consideration, not the height.
FAULTS : Any departure
from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness
with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion
to its degree.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
This amended breed standard will become effective from September 2004.